Trust between institutions and the general public;
Co-design of (multi-hazard) early warning systems – tailoring warnings and advisories to specific user needs through fostering participatory approaches;
Achieving last mile connectivity and an acceptable balance to provide a reliable alert in the shortest possible time;
Understanding how risk perceptions, past experiences and awareness shape the understanding of warning messages;
Difference between real risk and perceived risk (e.g. in urban vs. rural areas);
Risk and warning communication (considering education, training and awareness raising efforts at national and local levels designed for specific target groups of the population and the strategic role of the international community in facilitating such initiatives and supporting the national authorities); and
Using the CAP standard to leverage all available media for all hazards alerting.